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Year 2019 Number 11

November

Technology

Smart seats, a support for machinery operators

From the archaic “U” springs to the most advanced automatic adjustment devices of the suspension, stiffness and dynamic response. This is the technological path of a component that has become increasingly important over time
Technology

Radiators, a multi-functional component

Radiators are needed not only to cool the engine but also to cool the oils and fluids for the lubrication of the engine, the main hydraulic system, the power steering, the gearbox, the turbo intercooler, the air conditioner, etc. On modern tractors, a massive “radiator package” is installed which must dispose of an important amount of heat
Technology

Green machinery components

As in the agricultural machinery sector, the components play a fundamental role also in gardening and garden care. In fact, many of the machinery’s technological innovations depend on the installation of components with innovative features. The industry offers a wide range of new-generation solutions ranging from mechanical components to hydraulic and motor components up to electronic ones

Year 2019 Number 11

November

Technology

Grape harvesters: high technology for quality productions

The technical evolution helps to increase the harvesting efficiency of grape harvesters, both in terms of the gentle handling of grapes and of cleaning from foreign materials. The application of electronic systems allows qualitative and quantitative monitoring of production, while automatic guidance devices allow the machine to operate autonomously
Technology

The telehandler, top-level multi-functionality

Telehandlers are characterized by their great manoeuvrability in tight spaces, but above all for the extreme versatility they have gained over time. From the management of forage to that of wastewater and biomass, up to the most diverse operations of loading and unloading materials, telescopic handlers provide a precious support on the farm. Sophisticated technologies characterize the new models, which also feature systems to ensure cost-effectiveness in consumption and safety in operations
Technology

Mechanized systems for walnuts

Dried fruit consumption is booming in many countries. The growth in demand is an opportunity for farms that grow hazel, walnut and almond trees, only on the condition that specific technologies are available. Today, the agricultural machinery industry is able to offer effective solutions for different types of plants and different production requirements

Year 2019 Number 10

October

Technology

Motor hoe, among past and present

This machine is extremely widespread, both at a professional and hobby level, to which, however, proper attention must be paid, above all from the safety point of view. Italian manufacturers, as market leaders, have given motor hoes an amazing versatility
Technology

Roto-balers, a refined technology

Roto-balers represent an advanced technology, characterized by great reliability, simplicity and manageability. This type of machine is versatile now more than ever, with a vast choice of models, suitable for all types of forage and for every farm size
Technology

Manure spreaders: management of the waste

To provide crops with the nutrients required and, at the same time, dispose of substances that would otherwise pollute, it is essential to correctly distribute the livestock waste in the field. The technological solutions offered by the industries are increasingly efficient and adapt to different business needs

Year 2019 Number 7-9

July - September

Technology

Reducing emissions from diesel engines

The exhaust pollutant emissions from endothermic diesel engines have a high environmental impact, however, the modern anti-pollution systems can narrow reduce it by over 90%
Technology

Tyres 4.0: the Apps for their optimization

Innovative sensors, often integrated with Apps for control and optimization, allow the adjustment of the tyres pressure to the correct values for the best use in all conditions
Technology

Trench or silo bags: two silage options

The different silage solutions meet the different technical and economic requirements of the companies. A point to consider regarding the silage system concerns possible product losses, which are also linked to environmental sustainability

Year 2019 Number 5-6

May - June

Technology

Mechanization of medicinal plants production

Compared to the most common crops, the production of medicinal plants is quite profitable. Nevertheless, specific mechanization is still very low, and the machinery used are often modified versions of machines designed for other functions
Technology

Mower conditioners, for a quality zootechnical nutrition

The use of machines that simultaneously carry out the cutting and processing of the forage reduces the drying time while keeping a high-quality level. There is a wide choice of options among the specific cutting and conditioning technologies provided by the manufacturing industries
Technology

Springs in agriculture: mechanical components and working parts

The springs are common application in the technic, and are used for very different purposes. In agricultural mechanics they play a fundamental role, also as working tools. In this case, the wear to which they are subjected can be minimized thanks to thanks to special treatments of the steel with which they are manufactured

Year 2019 Number 3-4

March - April

Technology

Optimize the processing: mineral fertilizer spreaders

The variable-rate fertilizer spreader is usually characterized by the presence of different devices: independent dose adjustment for each delivery disk. The system, usually defined as EMC (Electronic Mass flow Control), is based on the continuous correction of the position of...
Technology

Special steels for the manufacturing of agricultural machinery

The performance characteristics of the agricultural equipment's metal parts are, sometimes, extremely different even, in some ways, conflicting with each other. The careful selection of special and high-strength steels allows to effectively reconcile the various needs

Year 2019 Number 1-2

January - February

Technology

Semi-hayed forage wrappers

Compared to traditional haymaking, the wrapping of semi-wilted forage bales effectively creates mini-silos, with several advantages regarding the quantity and quality of the product. The wrapping machines on the market today offer various alternatives for carrying out this routine, including the simultaneous packing and wrapping, in many cases with a high degree of automation
Technology

Mechanizations final frontier: harvesting robotization

Harvesting of many fresh fruit and vegetables is still exclusively carried out by hand to better maintain its organoleptic characteristics and, above all, its storage life. Although somewhat a little slowly, robotics begins to offer interesting alternative solutions
Technology

Vertical shredder-mixer wagons

Precision feeding plays an increasingly important role in livestock farms, effectively supporting farmers for the distribution of optimal and constant rations over time, thanks to the quality and quantity monitoring of each food, and subsequently the mixing and distribution of the ration in the feed lane

Year 2018 Number 12

December

Technology

The winerys energy needs: the use of pruning residues and the environmental sustainability

The management of the vine shoots can be done with two different methods to be assessed in relation to the environmental impact calculated with the life cycle analysis (Life Cycle Assessment). A research activity carried out at a social winery in the Oltrepò Pavese area, which works the grapes produced in an area of about 600 hectares, has allowed comparing the different methods and results

Year 2018 Number 10-11

October - November

Technology

Precision farming machinery: the current scenario

Agricultural mechanics have always gone hand in hand with agronomic techniques, providing technological solutions to make work more efficient and the use of productive means more rational. A combination that has made it possible to meet the historical needs of an ever-changing agriculture that will continue to do so in future, consolidating development models able of rationalizing the use of natural resources through innovation and research
Technology

Parking jacks for agricultural equipment: the safety norms

This article describes the functional and structural characteristics of parking jacks for agricultural equipment and illustrates the static and dynamic test procedures to achieve the certification of compliance with safety and reliability requirements laid down by the relevant standard ISO 12140 "Agricultural machinery, agricultural trailers and trailed equipment, drawbar jacks

Year 2018 Number 10-11

October - November

Technology

To drain, but also to irrigate, the gripper-ditchers

Ditch excavation machinery is normally used to improve drainage in soils subjected to water stagnation, but it is also useful for digging furrows to lay pipes for underground irrigation. The manufacturers have developed models and accessories able to satisfy all the needs
Technology

Olive harvesting, the role played by mechanization

The use of mechanical means is the evolution of a strategic way to decisive increase the productivity of the crop. There are now many cultivars adapted for the proper use of shakers which assure maximum yields
Technology

Innovation and sustainability in forest activities

The definition of the optimal mechanization level of the forestry site must take into account many parameters, including the environmental ones. National forestry businesses need machinery suitable for the terrain and for the extent of the area

Year 2018 Number 7-9

July - August - September

Technology

The specialized tractors: a cutting-edge segment

The sector of tractors for specialized crops has always been "made in Italy". It is a segment that Italian manufacturers still lead, even if some foreign firms with technologically competitive products have come to the fore in the last few years. The particular uses for which these machines are intended impose different characteristics compared to traditional tractors in terms of design, of the engine aspects and of the driving position
Technology

Innovative technologies for lettuce cultivation

Whether in leafs or as a head of lettuce, in the open field or in protected scraps, lettuce production makes use of particularly advanced solutions, such as aeroponic cultivation and the application of artificial intelligence. In any case, with a high level of mechanization
Technology

Developments in mechanics for haymaking

The movement required for natural drying in the field represents a critical step for hay quality. Specialized companies are developing, also in the context of European research programs, systems aimed at optimizing operations, preserving the best properties of the zootechnical food

Year 2018 Number 6

June

Technology

The many variants of the "utility" range

Most of the power band of the tractors known as "wildcard" or "utility", is around 75 kW. They are means designed to offer maximum operating versatility, and to be able to adapt to the most different working situations. These tractors offer a broad range of variability in terms of possible configurations, both for the driving position, as for the engines, the transmissions, and the hydraulic systems, as well as for the axles and the braking systems
Technology

Shredders and milling machines, technology for forests

Designed to carry out operations of arrangement and maintenance of the wooded areas, the shredders and milling machinery represent a particularly interesting segment in the field of agricultural mechanics. The difference between a forest shredder and a forest milling machinery is that, while the former is used for shredding trees, bushes, cutting waste and piles of branches, with the latter it is also possible deeply mill and crush roots and stumps

Year 2018 Number 4-5

April - May

Technology

After-market cabs: a safety issue

The cabs devoted to the weather protection only are often fitted on agricultural tractors in addition to front or rear 2-pillars frames homologated as ROPS. Now the matter is to ascertain the eligibility of these cabs to maintain an effective driver safety

Year 2018 Number 2-3

February - March

Technology

Brake technologies, beyond ABS

The Anti-lock Braking System is an automated system which substantially improves the braking efficiency of motor vehicles, especially on poor road surface conditions. For agricultural machinery, mainly tractors, there are some other ways to ensure efficient braking
Technology

The chipper, technologies for the bio-energy supply chain

Machines capable of crushing wood residues by reducing them into small chips are essential for the energy sector because they make fuels easy to burn, as well as transportable and manageable. Many Italian companies are at the forefront of this sector, creating models with different powers and characteristics, suitable for the different wood species and for the various agricultural business models
Technology

Precision seeding, an engineering challenge

Many manufacturers are dedicating themselves to creating seeding systems able to optimize crop operations and to manage with maximum precision the placement of seeds in the ground. ISOBUS technologies and the new generation of electronic systems allow an effective control of all the fundamental parameters, such as the processing speed, the quantity of seed used and the seeding density

Year 2018 Number 1

January

Technology

Electric traction in agriculture, a perspective issue

The agricultural mechanics industry is investing significant resources to develop electric motors able to replace, over time, those fueled with fossil fuels. The appropriate engine power and battery life are still a challenge from a technological point of view. On the other hand, for hybrid systems, effective solution in short times are possible
Technology

Technologies for optimal seed bed preparation

For several years, researchers and operators of the agricultural sector (each with their own skills and from complementary points of view) have participated in an important debate about the dualism between traditional soil processing techniques, i.e. the classic ploughing followed by harrowing, and those of minimum, strip or no-tillage, on which was the most appropriate choice both from the economic and, above all, from the environmental sustainability point of view

Year 2017 Number 12

December

Technology

"Tailor made" rations with modern cutter-mixer wagon

Not just cutting and mixing different ingredients, but also operational and energy efficiency, operator comfort, and both faster and safer road travel. This is what modern mechanized systems for preparing and managing livestock feed offer. Among the most advanced systems, there are those for real-time monitoring of the nutritional content of the ration
Technology

The milking robot and the automated stall

Together with food and manure management, milking is one of the key factors for the success of the dairy farm. Its automation involves not only a reduction of manpower but also a better state of the herd's health
Technology

The agricultural hitch, an evolution technology

Although with some difficulty, the transition continues in towing systems from the historical CUNA hitch to the most modern CE hitch. In any case, the devices provided nowadays, offer a considerably higher safety level, both in the coupling and in the transfer phase
Technology

Atomizers with product recovery, an eco-friendly solution

The recent introduction of legislation that addresses the need to establish compliance bands between the sites being treated and sensitive sites (inhabited areas, cycle paths, water courses, etc.) has stimulated the manufacturers to produce a number of environmentally friendly sprayers, equipped with a sort of "tunnel" inside which the crop is treated

Year 2017 Number 11

November

Technology

After-market for automated or assisted driving

From the early American automated steering systems dating back a century to the most modern fully automated devices with the ability to control operations even from a remote location, the agricultural machinery industry has invested heavily in automated driving technology, which can be applied to tractors and self-propelled machines
Technology

Filters for engine oil, hydraulic oil and diesel

Engine lubrication is a prerequisite for proper operation and good performance. Cleaning the lubricating oil and eliminating impurities are ensured by the filtration systems, which are increasingly effective and sophisticated also for agricultural motors. Today, the industry offers various types of filters that meet the specific needs of the different engines, and innovative materials that can improve the system's functionality

Year 2017 Number 11

November

Technology

Folding collection platforms, advanced technology

Innovation in the folding platforms sector is geared to meet the users' main needs, such as reducing dead times, increasing operational capacity, especially in case of unfavourable harvest conditions, and adaptability to different crops. Before joining a head not recommended by the manufacturer of the machine, it is advisable to carry out adequate verifications and check, for example, that after the coupling, the requirements for road driving of the machine are still complied with

Year 2017 Number 10

October

Technology

Technologies and digital systems for viticulture

Viticulture is one of the most important sectors in the agricultural sector, not only with regard to the added value of grape production and winemaking, but also with regard to the adoption of advanced cultivation systems. High-tech devices provide efficient and eco-sustainable processing, while the use of digitalized systems for precision farming enables the scientific management of all production parameters
Technology

Mechanized harvest, from tradition to innovation

Olive cultivation is one of the traditional sectors of Italian agriculture with a capability to ensure production par excellence. The leading competitors of producers abroad are pushing the Italian system to acquire more modern technologies for optimizing harvesting to avoid damage to the trees. Many technological innovations have been developed to meet the needs of widely varied types of production
Technology

An experimental seed drill against weeds

A pool of researchers from Crea Foggia has completed a test programme with a new seed drill that promises considerable benefits in wheat cultivation
Technology

harvesting also on slopes

Keeping productivity without compromising the quality of the harvest and ensuring a clean product is difficult, especially in operations on sloping terrain. Combining highly evolved manufacturing techniques and sensor and electronic systems have considerably helped achieving this objective. The top brand names producing combine harvesters rely on innovative and original solutions, often created by specialized supplier companies
Technology

Mechanical technologies for preservation of forage

Placing the forage in the silo is an apparently simple task, but it must be done taking into account a few precautions, better still using dedicated equipment, in order to ensure the best conservation of the product
Technology

Innovative equipment for forage handling

Windrowing and swathing are probably the haymaking most important steps to get a good quality product. Windrowers can be classified into four categories according to their working components and their ways of working. To begin with the "star wheels", to get to the "rotary rakes", the "belt windrowing system", and the "comb" windrowers, the industry provides a wide range of solutions to suit different business needs

Year 2017 Number 7-9

July - August - September

Technology

Water conservation, localized irrigation

In addition to ensuring substantial water savings compared to traditional methods, micro-irrigation allows you to better manage the frequency and duration of the operations. With subirrigation, better still if combined with the simultaneous distribution of fertilizer, even greater efficiency is achieved
Technology

Load and transport of bales: efficiency and safety

Whether tied or wrapped, round or square, hay or straw bales must be transported with properly equipped wagons to ensure the efficiency and safety of the operation. Manufacturers have developed solutions that can efficiently carry out the loading and positioning of the bales on the wagon and transport them in optimum conditions

Year 2017 Number 5-6

May - June

Technology

Chippers: how to counter the risk of dragging

Research activities reported in this article were conducted in the framework of the PROMOSIC Project, Protection of Machinery Operators Against Crush, Entanglement, Shearing, completed by Inail the National Institute for Accidents at Work Insurance. The project covered a number of safety issues associated with principal agricultural machines and the article describes a prototype solution for forestry chippers with manual feeds
Technology

Variable rate fertilizer spreaders

The goal set by the manufacturing industry is not merely the uniform distribution of fertilizer but providing it where it is actually needed and in quantities which are strictly necessary. There are now on the market systems capable of detecting in real time the real requirements of the soil
Technology

Burying and spreading slurry of agricultural origin

The management of manure is a fundamental problem for livestock farms. Burying slurry is a good solution, able to limit emissions of ammoniacal nitrogen in the atmosphere and the spread of unpleasant odour. Systems with different characteristics and uses, produced by important industries in the sector, can be employed today, with significant advantages for both disposal and distribution on the ground of fertilizing substances

Year 2017 Number 3-4

March - April

Technology

Seeders and transplanters with electronic control of distribution

The greatest versatility and excellent precision for planting seeds and transplanting is no longer achieved with mechanical operations but with the use of electronics
Technology

The subsoiler does not go out of fashion

To ensure an optimal circulation of air and water, soil preparation (both traditional and minimum tillage methods) still avails itself of a periodic deep slicing, carried out with a subsoiler
Technology

Harrows, a big family

Working with free wheeling components or those powered by the tractor PTO harrows operate to pulverize the soil on rough terrain to prepare the best bed for a successive seeding. For always producing the optimum results there are a large number of differentiated types available on the market. To cite among the features likely to come up for further development are the quality of materials for their

Year 2017 Number 1-2

January - February

Technology

Moldboard window plow, evolution of a basic piece of equipment

The millennial history of the plow has not yet come to an end. Its evolution has led to the arrival of models of the moldboard window plow to combine performance at work and the reduction of energy requirements
Technology

Spading machines, the ideal tool for difficult terrain

Thanks to the formation of medium-sized clods and especially for the absence of hardpan, the spading machine works best even on soils that are wet, or even saturated with water, or conversely on very dry and compact soils. The manufacturers of this equipment – for which Italy has a particular tradition - offer a very wide range of models for every need
Technology

Sound-absorbing materials: research, applications

Wide technical and experimental activity has developed in recent years, in terms of innovative materials for the coatings and roofs of cabins and mechanical parts. Many solutions are already applicable to industrial production, which also include biomaterials and fabrics that can significantly reduce the noise of machines, ensuring greater comfort and safety for operators

Year 2016 Number 12

December

Technology

Sustainable distribution of slurry and digestate

Slurry spreaders have been quickly adapted for the need to distribute products of various origins on fields even with site specific methods while improving performance in maneuverability, safety and comfort, especially in transport
Technology

The rediscovery of the Paulownia tree

The Paulownia tree was brought to Europe from the far east in the 1800s, and has since considered a majestic ornamental tree. Recently it has started to be appreciated also for its wood, which is used to produce doors and windows, furniture, and even musical instruments. Also worth mentioning is its role in the wood to energy supply chain

Year 2016 Number 10-11

October - November

Technology

Weather stations for precision farming

The timely tracking of meteorological data is of the utmost importance in improving the success of crops. Modern systems are capable of providing information with high precision, but the systematic maintenance of the weather stations remains the basic condition for their efficiency over time
Technology

The "automotive" solution for the suspension

On a tractor, the vibrational comfort greatly improves if the front axle is suspended. The technical evolution of this device, which is designed to remedy the rolling anomalies determined by the imperfect roundness of the tyres. Devices of various kinds are already in mass production
Technology

Quality accessories for sprayers

The equipment for spraying operations must comply with specific Community directives, which set binding requirements for manufacturing companies, and must be subject to periodic inspections under the National Action Plan as an obligation for users. The industry has developed a wide range of technological solutions that optimize treatments and dramatically reduce environmental impact

Year 2016 Number 10-11

October - November

Technology

Distribution of crop protection products: the sustainable defense

For the best distribution on crops of plant protection products modern and efficient sprayer booms are absolutely necessary. New generation pressure regulators, anti-drift nozzles and sensor systems ensure an increasing scientific and measured use of chemical products and provide economic and environmental benefits
Technology

Machinery and plant for making compost

The biochemical process for the production of an organic substance using vegetable residues is complicated and requires care for the well defined phases and precise parameters. Compost is the end product of the organic digestion process made possible with the use of machinery and plant. Compost can be used by hobbyists or for the needs of industry capable of managing the process during all its phases

Year 2016 Number 5 - 6

May - June

Technology

The maintenance of hydraulic systems

The criteria for monitoring the efficiency and operational conditions of hydraulic sistems have evolved in recent years to the point of modifying reference parameters for the definition of the fitness of the system together with the paradigms for maintenance. There is still considerable room for improving relations between design and maintenance, that is, the capability of engineering mechanical parts already built for facilitating maintenance

Year 2016 Number 2-3

February - March

Technology

Olive cultivation: mechanical work to prevent Xylella

Numerous machines and types of equipment are at work in olive cultivations in a series of crop operations for improving the dynamics between the tree and soil to activate the immunological defenses of the plants themselves. Pruning, weeding, removing infestations and grass cover with compatible vegetable species are some of the operations necessary for olive cultivations to fend off Xylella made possible with appropriate mechanical technologies
Technology

Wraps for forage baling: an eye on safety

Mechanical operations for wrapping bales involves risks for the worker. A new norm will provide a definition of the devices to be used for guaranteeing maximum safety in all the phases of this job as regards the risks of coming into contact with machinery parts in operation, the loss of stability and discharging bales to terrain
Technology

ISOBUS, innovation and safety for implements

FederUnacoma staged a training seminar in Bologna focused on the new frontiers of information technology applied to agricultural machinery and equipment. The ISOBUS system has become a fundamental factor in agricultural mechanical engineering innovations and figures heavily in competition among manufacturers in the sector. Substantial investments are made in research for the development of further uses of the system

Year 2016 Number 1

January

Technology

Animal welfare: a comfortable stall

For some time animal welfare has become an important parameter for the design and management of modern stalls. Plans must take into account rotary brushes for ensuring healthy epidermal conditions as well as systems for air circulation and climate control. There are also technological solutions for bedding which must guarantee rest for animals in sound hygienic conditions
Technology

Fire prevention: maintenance experiences in Siena

The results of trials carried out by DREAm Italia in the regional forest of Merse have been published. These covered types of vehicles, costs and operating conditions tested to derive parameters for the effective construction of fireroads
Technology

Pomegranate: a fruit with unexpected virtues

Pomegranate, a fruit with numerous health benefits, offers good income opportunities for farmers. Needed for creating optimum conditions for cultivation is the use of machinery and equipment for laying mulch on the soil, harrowing and weeding as well as topping the plants and the distribution of plant treatment products

Year 2015 Number 12

December

Technology

Milking: automatic systems, plant and new materials

Not only robots. Innovations for the milking parlour cover a multitude of plant parts and components, including materials. As a result there are energy savings, optimized productivity and especially greater welfare of the dairy cattle herd
Technology

Forestry: types and models for specific mechanization

Mechanical engineering industries manufacture a wide range of machinery for work in the field of forestry. Systems for harvesting timber and biomass have become increasingly technologically advanced but the choice of machinery depends on the specific requirements of the worksite and environmental conditions in which operations are performed. Important new developments have been achieved through the collaboration of the specialized industries and university and research institutes
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